March 17 to April 26, 2014

Part of the National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) traveling exhibition program,Opening Doors highlights four prominent African-American surgeons and examines their roles as educators, healers, and pioneers. Featured are Alexa I. Canady, the first African American woman pediatric neurosurgeon; LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr., cancer surgeon, and the first African American President of the American College of Surgeons and the American Cancer Society; Claude H. Organ, Jr., general surgeon, and the first African American to chair a department of surgery at a predominantly white medical school; and Rosalyn P. Scott, the first African American woman cardiothoracic surgeon. In addition, the careers of five other surgeons are more briefly looked at, giving a broad view of the role of African-Americans in contemporary American medicine.